Natural light, tidiness, soft colours in the decoration, ventilation, the temperature and the acoustics are some of the factors that define healthy houses. To try to make yours as healthy as possible, we review the advice given by the German insulation company Sto, which specialises in developing building elements and solutions.
Have plenty of natural light
Natural light is one of the conditions most highly valued by users when it comes to assessing comfort and well-being in a home. How can you enhance the amount of light in your home? Here are some ideas:
- Light colours on walls, ceilings, furniture and textile accessories.
- Installation of high and large windows with the appropriate orientation (south for maximum sunlight), as well as roof or skylight windows.
- Curtains or blinds which are not too thick.
- Choose glass tables and doors, sliding doors are especially effective.
- Place mirrors in strategic areas.
Tidiness and functionality, the keys to decoration
Having spaces that are tidy, clean, well-decorated and with comfortable elements is essential for a comfortable home. That is why it is important to take care of the appearance and layout of the house. According to Sto, light tones give a feeling of spaciousness, freshness and tranquillity, whereas dark tones provide security; louder colours generate positivity and freshness, warmer tones suggest a feeling of intimacy and comfort, and colder tones are cooler and ideal for relaxation areas. This is particularly key in rooms which could be considerably smaller, such as bathrooms. Find out how to make the most out of a small bathroom.
Caring for the quality of the indoor air
There are many substances that affect the air quality in a house: pollen, smoke, dust, mites, and odours to name a few. And if we consider that we spend about 20 hours a day indoors, it is important that the quality of the indoor air is as good as possible for our health, especially in 2020 with increasingly worrying amounts of pollution in our towns and cities.
How do we achieve this? The key, according to Sto, is to use air filtration and purification systems to remove particles and possible contaminants, to rely on controlled mechanical ventilation systems that help renew the indoor air, or to use plants. In addition, today there are solutions such as intelligent paints, capable of providing reliable protection against moisture or harmful substances and prevent the formation of cracks and dirt.
Controlling the temperature
According to the Regulations on Thermal Installations in Buildings, the so-called "thermal comfort" establishes that the temperature must be between 23 and 25 degrees, that humidity must be between 40% and 60%, and that there must be no drafts or gusts of air. To achieve this, Sto reminds us that "the most effective solutions aimed at regulating these characteristics are the use of efficient air conditioning systems, thermal insulation, plaster or laminated plaster boards, a good choice of carpentry or the use of temperature and relative humidity control systems and apparatus".
In recent times, acoustic comfort has become a key element when renovating or building interior areas, since poor acoustic conditioning can affect the health and well-being of a person, causing sleep disturbance, rest disturbance or headaches.
What are the solutions? Apart from the possible need to install acoustic conditioning solutions in the home (paying special attention to the ceilings), it is also recommended that you use decorative elements to muffle sounds, such as carpets, curtains and upholstered furniture, as well as placing the bedrooms in the quieter areas of the house. Another option is to buy appliances that help muffle noise.